Alliance for Permanent Access

Alliance for Permanent Access (APA). (2010). [website] Retrieved from

        Dedicated exclusively to Digital Preservation, The Alliance for 
Permanent Access is a European organization whose members include national and pan-European research organizations, research support organizations such as data centers and archives, libraries and publishers, and research funders. Its members provide support for the whole lifecycle of scientific research in Europe. Their main impetus is the sharing and interoperability for successful practice, development of consortia for projects, and joint activities.

Blue Ribbon Task Force

Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and 
        Access. (2007). [website]. Retrieved from 

        The Blue Ribbon Task Force was created n late 2007 funded by the 
        National Science Foundation and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation 
        in partnership with the Library of Congress.  The task force is made 
        up of a number of members of Universities, Corporations, and 
        Independent Consultants that hold reputable fields across the United 
        States. They are dedicated to the underlying potential of the 
        Information Age and its paradigm – shifting access to digital 
        information is the assumption that key information will be there when 
        we want it, where we want it, and for the foreseeable future. In their 
        website they supply a number of publications, articles, conferences, 
symposiums and newsletters dedicated to the research and efforts of Sustainability and Preservation for the future of Digital Libraries. This Task Force and website is important because it has oodles of valuable and viable up to date information for individuals who are working in the Digital Field.


Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). (2010). [website]. 
        Retrieved from http://www.clir.org/dlf.html


CLIR is a nonprofit organization that works to maintain and improve access to information for generations to come. In partnership with other institutions, they help create services that expand the concept of "library" and supports the providers and preservers of information. They strive to foster new approaches to the management of digital and nondigital information resources so that they will be available in the future. As part of their partnership they also oversee the Digital Library Federation which is a consortium of libraries and related agencies that are pioneering the use of electronic-information technologies to extend their collections and services.


 Center for Research Libraries (CRL). (2010). [website]. Retrieved 
         from http://www.crl.edu/ 

       The Center for Research Libraries (CRL) is based in Chicago and offers a referral and consultation service for institutions looking to explore Digital Preservation.  They gather information and report on digital repositories that preserve source materials of interest.


Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries (DELOS). (2004).

        The main objective of the DELOS is to contribute to the development 

        of the enabling technologies so that its vision of digital libraries may 
        become a reality.  They also aim at disseminating knowledge of 
        digital library technologies to many diverse application domains.  
        This network can provide specific user communities with access to 

        advanced digital library technologies, services, testbeds, and the    
        necessary expertise and knowledge.  This Commission is a support 
        system for digital libraries to find information.  It also has its own 
                                                                                                 open digital library. 


Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC). (2009).[website]. Retrieved from  

        The Digital Preservation Coalition was established in 2001 to 
        address the urgent challenges of securing the preservation of digital 
        resources in the UK and to work with others internationally to secure 
        our global digital memory and knowledge base. This website   
        provides advice, advocacy, publications, training, events, and news.  
        Their mission is to “enable and act as a catalyst to support its 
        members to ensure long term access to and management of their 
        digital assets; to collaborate with our nations and international
partners to take forward the digital preservation and asset management agenda; and to act as a broker and an agent of knowledge transfer amongst its membership.” They identify five areas of work:  Leadership, influencing and collaboration; sharing and disseminating knowledge; This Coalition website is important because it enriches its members’ experience; empowering and developing  members’ workforce; and assuring preservation and sustainability 


Digital Preservation Europe (DPE). (2010). [website]. Retrieved from 

        Digital Preservation Europe (DPE) is a European collaboration that 

        recognizes that digital memory needs constant management, using 
        new techniques and processes, to contain such risks as 
        technological obsolescence. They also recognize that digital 
        preservation is too big an issue for individual institutions or even 
        sectors to address independently. They attempt to foster 
        collaboration and synergies between many existing national 
        initiatives across the European Research Area and they stress the 
        need to improve coordination, cooperation and consistency in current    preservation of digital materials. 


Cornell University Library. Inter-university Consortium for Political and 
        SocialResearch (ICPSR). (2007). [website]. Retrieved from   

        The Cornell University created Inter-university Consortium for Political 
        and Social Research (ICPSR).  It is an international consortium of 
        about 700 academic institutions and research organizations.  ICPSR 
        provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and 
        methods of analysis for the social science and research community.  
The ICPSR also maintains a data archive and hosts sixteen specialized collection.  The website provides annual reports, guidelines on data, conferences and fairs, and featured libraries.  This consortium is important if an academic library or institution is looking for resources, support, and training.


The MetaArchive Cooperative. (2010). [website]. Retrieved from 

        The MetaArchive Cooperative provides low-cost, high-impact preservation    
        services to help ensure the long-term accessibility of the digital assets of 
        universities, libraries, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions. The 
        MetaArchive Cooperative provides low-cost, high-impact preservation services to help ensure the long-term accessibility of the digital assets of universities, libraries, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions.


Library of congress. National digital information infrastructure &   
        preservation program: A collaborative initiative of the library of 
        congress(NDIIPP). (2010). [website].Retrieved from 

       This Programs website is dedicated to a national strategy to collect, 

       preserve and make available significant digital content for current and 
       future generations. This program is networked with over 130 partners 
       from across the nation. The website features programs, articles, 
       blogs, RSS feeds, podcasts, tools, and publications provided by the 
       Library of Congress.  This website is a great reference to links to all 
       information about the preservation and sustainability of Libraries. 


The Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC). (2010). [website]. 
        Retrieved from

        The Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC) is dedicated to  
        improving the conservation efforts of libraries, archives, historical 
        organizations, museums, and other repositories; and to provide the high 
        quality service to institutions without in-house conservation facilities or those 
        that seek specialized expertise; and to provide leadership in the preservation and conservation fields.They offer an online Preservation Planning Webinar Series that will help institutions develop a plan for the preservation of collection materials.


National Information Standards Organization (NISO). (2010). 
        [webiste]. Retrieved from http://www.niso.org/home/  

        Founded in 1939, the National Information Standards Organization,   
        (NISO) is a non-profit association accredited by the American National 
        Standards Institute (ANSI), that “identifies, develops, maintains, and 
        publishes technical standards to manage information in our changing and ever-more digital environment. NISO standards apply both traditional and new technologies to the full range of information-related needs, including retrieval, re-purposing, storage, metadata, and preservation.” They also are responsible for the Framework for Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections which is considered an industry standard and will be discussed below. 


The Digital Initiates Department at Penrose Library at the University of Denver is an up-and-coming DL that runs upon the Fedora system and is neat.



This is a resource website that we put together just to show some of the support and media available for Digital Preservation



Webb, C. (2003). UNESCO: Guidelines for the preservation of digital heritage. Retrieved from 

        The Guidelines presents the key principles to be adopted by UNESCO's Member States in order to ensure the ongoing
        protection and preservation of digital heritage. The charter outlines the arguments for protect against the loss of digital 
        heritage, the measures required to protect and preserve digital heritage and the roles and responsibilities of UNESCO
        and Member States towards ensuring the preservation of digital heritage.   

Jones, M., & Beagrie,N. (2008). Preservation management of digital materials: A handbook. Retrieved from

        The Preservation Management of Digital Material Handbook is maintained by the Digital Preservation Coalition in 

        collaboration with the National Library of Australia and the PADI Gateway.The guidelines provide advice on a significant
        range of issues relevant to creation, management and preservation of digital resources. They include detailed advice 
        on technical issues relating to digital preservation formats and technology, as well as control issues relating to 
        management of work processes and personnel.

John Hopkins University Library. (2008) Jschololarship digital preservation policy. [website]. Retrieved from 

        This website is the John Hopkins University – The Sheridan Libraries digital preservation policy.  This document
        elements of the digital preservation specifically for their digital library.  Elements include: standards and best practices, 
        preservation guarantees, Content format types, Image capture standards: converting from analog to digital, institutional 
        and operation roles and repositories, and managed activities.  This policy document is a great references of standards 
        for a digital library that includes diagrams of the expectancies in these areas particularly to their library.

Cornell University Library. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). (2007). Digital 
        preservation management: Implementing short-term strategies for long-term problems. [website]. Retrieved from 

        The Cornell University has developed a website is a tutorial and workshop due to the lack of institutional organization 
        and response. The basis of the tutorial and workshops is an integrated model that combines the organizational 
        context, technological implementation, and resource framework.  The tutorial is set up to touch on, “setting the state,” 
        obsolescence & physical threats,” “foundations,” “challenges,” and “program elements.”  You can even take a “Digital 
        Preservation Cosmos Quiz” to determine if this tutorial and workshops will work for your particular preservation project.

TRAC- The Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification
NARA and OCLC created a joint task force to specifically address digital repository certification. The goal of the RLG-NARA Task Force on Digital Repository Certification has been to develop criteria to identify digital repositories capable of reliably storing, migrating, and providing access to digital collections.

NISO Guidelines

NISO is where content publishers, libraries, and software developers turn for information industry standards that allow them to work together. Through NISO, all of these communities are able to collaborate on mutually accepted standards.  They publish the guidelines to ensure maximum interoperability and preservation effectiveness.

GDPP Guide to Distributed Digital Preservation published by the Meta Archive Coalition
The provides low-cost, high-impact preservation services to help ensure the long-term accessibility of the digital assets of universities, libraries, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions. This guide is written with a broad audience in mind that includes librarians, curators, archivists, scholars, technologists, lawyers, and administrators.


Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). (2002). The State of Digital Preservation: An International 
        Perspective. Proceedings of the Institutes for Information Science. Washington D.C.

        These proceedings, sponsored by CLIR, mark one of the first major gatherings of professionals to discuss the state of

        Digital Preservation not only in United States but abroad.  This paper gets into major detail about the theory and 
        practice of Digital Libraries as well as exhaustive analysis of options and planning for the future which includes 
        presentations from Europe and Australia.

Guy,M. (2010).  Blue ribbon task force symposium on sustainable digital preservation and access. Ariadne. 64. 
        Retrieved from  http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/blue-ribbon-uk-2010-rpt/.

        “On Thursday 6 May 2010 a historic event took place.” This paper is about the Blue Ribbon Task Force Symposium    
        event on sustainable digital preservation and access, held at the Welcome Collection Conference Centre in London. 
        The event allowed people to express their opinions on potential future action of preservation and sustainability of 
        Digital libraries. The symposium, follow up event for the national conversation took place in Washington DC in April 
        2010.This provided an opportunity for stakeholders to respond to the recent Blue Ribbon Task Force report. The report,

        entitled Sustainable economics for a digital planet: Ensuring long term access to digital information. It provides an 
        economic framework and practical recommendations for ensuring the long-term sustainability of digital information.

McArthur, D.J, Giersch, S, & Burrows, H. (2003). Sustainability issues and activities for nsdl. Proceedings of the Digital 
        Libraries, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 Joint  Conference.  Retrived from  

        This conference paper reviews the work on sustainability of digital libraries in the context of the NSF-supported 
        National Science Digital Library (NSDL) program. Applied to digital libraries, sustainability is a broad term, referring to 
        everything from technical issues about the digital preservation of materials, to the social questions surrounding the 
        long-term accessibility of resources to the public at large.

Mikeal, A, Green, C, Maslov, A, Phillips, S, & Leggett, J. (2006). Preserving the scholarly side of the web.Proceedings of 
        the Web Congress, 2006. LA-Web '06. Fourth Latin American. doi: 10.1109/LA-WEB.2006.28.
        This paper presents results of a case study that addresses many issues surrounding the difficult task of preservation 
        in a digital library. The presentation focus on these issues applied to the preservation of scholarly articles encoded in 
        Web standards. It also describes the two common preservation mechanisms, emulation and migration, for their 
        particular case. Finally, it compares and discuss strengths and weaknesses in their context. In conclusion, it show that

        consistent use of open standards leads to more efficient migration processes and issue a "call to arms" to the digital 
        preservation community to ensure that scholarly material on the Web can be preserved for future generations.

Mois, M, Klas, C.P, & Hemmje, M.L. (2009). Digital preservation as communication with the future. Proceedings of the 
        Digital Signal Processing, 2009 16th International Conference, 10.1109/ICDSP.2009.5201104

        The problem of digital preservation is one of the most challenging research problems today and is faced by different 
        communities with different approaches with regard to the aspect that digital preservation can be seen as 
        communication with the future, this paper comprehensively reviews and presents approaches to digital preservation. 
        The findings from the review are then used to develop a layered communication model that identifies necessary layers 
        of digital preservation.

Video Files

Library of Congress. (2010, April 1). Why digital Preservation is Important to Everyone. [Video file] retrieved from 

        Traditional information sources such as books, photos, sculptures, historical places can easily survive for years, 
        decades or even centuries but digital items are fragile and require special care to keep them useable. Rapid 
        technological changes also affect digital preservation. As new technologies appear, older ones become obsolete, 
        making it difficult to access older content. This video explores the complex nature of the problem, how digital content 
        unlike content on traditional media -- depends on technology to make it available and requires active management to 
        ensure its ongoing accessibility. (see this video on the examples page)

Library of Congress. (2010, January 19). Digital Natives Explore Digital Preservation. [Video file]. Retrieved from  

        Today’s teenagers are part of the first generation to grow up immersed and fluent in the world of digital technologies. 
        These digital natives depend on digital information for communication, education and entertainment. But today’s 
        Digital Natives may not know that digital information can easily be lost. Teens receive mixed messages about the 
        permanence of digital information, because it seems that anything they want can be found on the internet. But the truth 
        is, digital information will survive only as long as someone takes care of it. In a recent workshop at the Library of
        Congress, we asked a group of students for their thoughts on digital preservation. Specifically:

                                        -What should be saved?
                                        -Who’s responsible for saving it?
                                        -What are the challenges in saving it?

        This video explores the challenges facing digital information and examines the views teenagers have about its